The most heated debate among cat lovers is about operations that deprive animals of the ability to continue childbirth. Supporters of cat castration and cat sterilization? As well as their opponents put forward a lot of weighty arguments. You should carefully consider all the pros and cons to make the right choice for your pet.
The procedure for castration of cats
Surgical castration of a cat is recommended to be carried out at the age of one year, when the animal’s genitals have not yet fully formed, there is no sexual desire. This will eliminate severe stress and minimize the risk of complications. Postoperative wounds in kittens heal faster than in adult cats.
Castration of a cat provides several advantages:
- the pet becomes more affectionate, calmer;
- the cat doesn’t “mark” the house;
- reduces the likelihood of escapes and long-term disappearances.
The lack of sexual desire eliminates the discomfort that the pet’s heart-rending screams create at night. The cat does not run away from home, does not communicate with stray animals, and the risk of infection with infectious diseases is excluded.
There are contraindications to castration. You can not perform such operations for sick, weakened animals, during the period of exacerbation of chronic diseases. Castration is performed under anesthesia. If the cat has an individual intolerance to anesthetics, the operation cannot be performed.
Owners of Pets must comply with all the recommendations in preparation for neutering, care during the rehabilitation period. This will eliminate the risk of complications and ensure rapid healing of wounds.
Cat sterilization operation
There are many reasons why cat owners turn to veterinarians for its sterilization. The main argument is the reluctance to engage in cat offspring, to attach babies. But there are other positive consequences of such an operation. Spayed female cat:
- it is characterized by a calm docile character;
- doesn’t try to run outside;
- does not create discomfort by shouting at night inappropriate behavior;
- does not communicate with stray animals, the risk of infection is excluded.
During the operation, the tubes that move the eggs can be ligated, and the ovaries can be removed. The uterus remains during sterilization. Some owners prefer the carrying out of castration. In this operation, all the organs of the sexual sphere are removed from the cat. This eliminates the risk of serious diseases of the uterus.
Surgical sterilization of a cat is a more traumatic operation than castration of a cat. But compliance with the rules of postoperative care eliminates the risk of complications. The optimal age for animal sterilization is 7-8 months.
Moral and physiological arguments against
The main argument of opponents of sterilization and castration is the belief that it is inhumane to deprive animals of the opportunity to continue the race. They believe that the cat has the right to motherhood, you can not deprive her of this happiness. But it is not necessary to transfer human feelings to animals, to attribute our experiences to them. In addition, a cat or cat who was sterilized at an early age does not know the suffering and regret. They have not experienced sexual attraction, do not suspect its existence.
Some owners refuse to sterilize or castrate a pet for fear of harming its health. It is known that after such operations, there is a real risk of obesity, diabetes, and disorders in the functions of other organs. However, it is possible to avoid such problems. To do this, you must strictly follow the rules for feeding neutered, sterilized animals. Their diet differs from the standard menu.
Consequences of refusing to sterilize a cat
Owners who refuse to sterilize their favorite cat will have to choose one of three options:
- give the animal special drugs to suppress sexual desire;
- patiently experience periods of “desire»;
- give the animal complete freedom.
Special drops and pills help to suppress sexual desire. It should be noted that these are hormonal drugs. Their reception can negatively affect the cat’s body. Most often, the consequence of using such drugs is a malignant tumor.
Not all owners can safely survive periodic changes in the nature of the animal. The most unpleasant moment is the heart-rending screams of the pet at night. These heart-rending sounds disturb not only the cat’s owners, but also the neighbors, which creates additional problems.
Not the best option is to give the cat complete freedom. She can become a mother in six months, when the body is not yet fully formed. Then a healthy animal can be born two or three times a year. Finding owners for kittens of popular, rare breeds is not too difficult. But mongrel babies can create a lot of problems.
It’s no secret that many cat owners do not complicate their lives, immediately kill their newborn offspring. Such actions are not even worth discussing. If it is inhumane to deprive a cat or cat of the opportunity to continue the race, then it is completely inhumane to destroy the kittens that were born.
Russian problem of homeless animals
In every city and village you can see a lot of stray cats. Most of these unfortunate animals are Pets thrown out on the street, which were born after giving the cat complete freedom. There is no need to explain how difficult it is to live in a street environment. But animals manage not only to survive, but also to acquire offspring. Therefore, the number of stray cats is growing rapidly.
Street animals are a threat to Pets. They are often carriers:
- chronic runny nose,
- eye diseases, etc.
Proponents of castration and sterilization consider the refusal of these operations irresponsible. If the consequence of this decision is to replenish the army of stray cats, these charges are well founded.
Now a lot of attention is being paid to this issue. Shelters are organized for homeless animals, as well as actions to sterilize and castrate street cats and cats. But this does not mean that the problem will be solved in the near future. Is it worth complicating it, justifying the refusal of sterilization by moral principles?
Pets after sterilization and castration
Castration and sterilization cause physiological and psychological changes. Owners of cats and cats need to take this factor into account. Positive changes include the lack of desire of Pets to mark the territory, more calm behavior of the animal.
There is a risk of negative changes in body functions after such operations. In order to reduce the likelihood of diseases and disorders, it is necessary to follow a diet that excludes obesity, and create good conditions for motor activity.
In exceptional cases, sterilization causes depression in the cat. During this difficult period, the animal may refuse to eat, try to escape to the street. It is necessary to prevent escape from the house, as the pet has too little chance of staying alive in an extreme situation.