The importance of hearing for cats cannot be overestimated. They have excellent hearing and thus avoid many dangers and are well-oriented in space. However, sometimes cats are born deaf. They can be kept at home if you know the specifics of keeping such animals.
Features of congenital deafness
Often, congenital deafness in cats is inherited and caused by a genetic malfunction. White blue – eyed cats are often born deaf- this is a genetic feature. If you get such an animal, then you should check its hearing first.
Other causes of congenital deafness of kittens are a viral infection in the mother, or exposure to toxic substances during this period. Usually this deafness is manifested by degenerative changes in the first week of the kitten’s life.
It is wrong to diagnose “deafness” for a baby who has not reached the age of 3-4 weeks. You can not talk about the presence of pathology only on the basis of animal behavior. Final conclusions are made when the kitten is taken away from his mother, brothers and sisters. Then it will not be able to copy the behavior of members of the “pack” and you can determine whether predictable reactions to the sound are formed.
Congenital deafness caused by genetics is not corrected. You can’t cure a deaf cat. You can only learn to communicate with it and take into account the characteristics of such animals when keeping them at home.
How to tell if a cat can’t hear
It is not easy to notice absolute deafness in a cat – it compensates for the lack of hearing with the available sense organs. You need to be careful when looking at the behavior of your pet. There are several signs of deafness of the animal.
Listen to the cat’s meow. Deaf animals do not hear themselves and shout in a higher voice.
The simplest test is to track the pet’s reaction to sound stimuli. If the cat does not hear, it will not react in any way.
What sounds can be played:
- clap your hands loudly;
- turn on the vacuum cleaner, hair dryer, or any other loud household appliance;
- knock on the door;
- rustle the bag or foil.
An obvious sign of deafness in a cat – it does not respond not only to the nickname, but also to “kitty-kitty-kitty”, and does not respond to the voice of the owner at all.
What else would indicate deafness:
- the cat doesn’t meet you at the door;
- shudders when she is woken up, doesn’t notice how they entered the room;
- the cat has an uncertain gait;
- the ability to navigate in space has deteriorated.
If in doubt, a veterinarian will help you make a final conclusion. He can be shown both a kitten and an adult. In the Arsenal of specialists, there are many methods and tests that help diagnose deafness of an animal officially. In particular, veterinarians test hearing by tracking brain responses – whether there is a response to a clicking sound directed at the cat’s ear or not. Similarly, check the hearing of infants.
If deafness is not congenital, but acquired, the doctor will make a treatment regimen. With congenital deafness, it remains only to follow the practical advice of keeping an animal without hearing.
Correct handling of a deaf cat
Deaf cats usually behave like hearing relatives and do not feel damaged. If the animal does not feel danger, it behaves friendly and loyal. The task of the owner of a special cat is to ensure its complete safety and learn how to communicate.
A deaf cat does not hear, but it perfectly captures vibrations and vibrations. However, keep in mind that your silent appearance in the room will frighten the animal. A similar reaction will be caused by sharp fluctuations in sounds. So that the cat is not afraid of your approach, start stomping harder from afar. Do not go to her from the back – try to get into the field of view of the pet before approaching. Do the same if you intend to stroke. The cat should see the hand that is approaching it and only then feel the touch.
If an animal is constantly “attacked” unexpectedly, it will become aggressive and start fighting back.
When communicating with a deaf animal, attract its attention by loud claps or knocking on the floor. the Cat will catch the vibrations and understand where they are coming from. If in this case the pet ignores you – this is a conscious choice. Inventive owners of deaf cats attract the attention of their Pets with light signals, for example, including a small flashlight.
Hearing loss for a cat can be fatal – it is not able to protect itself from many dangers that it does not see. Therefore owners of deaf cats should observe safety measures:
- do not let out on the street without supervision – the animal will not hear the barking of dogs or the signal of the car and may be injured;
- do not leave one in a room where there is an exit to the street;
- lock in the room when visiting guests, so that they do not accidentally scare the animal;
- carefully move around the apartment in the dark, so as not to step on the animal.
Hearing-deprived cats can easily adapt to their position and use their other senses to navigate. If you pay attention to a deaf cat and take care of its safety, the animal will live a full life.