The question of whether a dog can be given fish is relevant for every owner who wants to diversify the diet of a pet. It is impossible to answer it unequivocally, since some varieties are strictly prohibited, while others, on the contrary, are needed. In addition, the method of preparing a dish from this delicious and healthy product is of great importance.
About the benefits of fish
Fish is a source of animal proteins, vitamins A, B, D, G, minerals (calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, zinc, iodine, etc.), amino acids, and omega-3 fatty acids. This is an easily digestible product, and its energy value is higher than meat. Thus, we can safely say that fish is very useful for dogs, especially during the period of intensive growth.
Dog owners note that animals that regularly eat fish, the condition of the coat improves, the joints become stronger, and the weight stabilizes. However, you can not get carried away with this product, otherwise the dog may have a metabolic disorder, develop urolithiasis, rickets.
The best option is 2-3 times a week, this will be enough. At the same time, fish in the diet should not exceed 70% of the total number of protein products.
Veterinarians advise to give preference to the salmon family (pink salmon, salmon, sockeye salmon, omul, whitefish), as well as saithe, catfish, haddock, whiting, river trout.
What kind of fish can not be given
A huge danger to the dog’s body is represented by aquatic inhabitants that contain thiaminase, which destroys vitamin B (thiamine):
If the fish is boiled for 20 minutes, the enzyme becomes inactive.
Do not give fish, containing trimethylamine. The element is dangerous because by binding iron, it does not allow the body to digest it. Iron deficiency anemia leads to infertility in bitches and developmental delays in puppies.
The contents of trimethylaminuria observed in:
- silver hake;
If you still want to give a four-legged pet fish from the above list, then it must be boiled or added to food vitamins enriched with iron.
Fatty and salty fish, regardless of the variety, are very harmful to dogs, as they cause vomiting. However, a small piece of salted herring will be useful for bitches before and during estrus. You can’t give herring at night.
The mackerel family should be treated with caution due to the histamine content formed when the product is stored incorrectly. Since we can’t know under what conditions the product was stored in the warehouse, it is better not to give mackerel to your pet.
Finally, there are poisonous fish that the dog should not eat under any circumstances, regardless of the method of preparation. These are khramulya, Blowfish, Balkhash Marinka, etc. By the way, they are not so common product on our shelves.
How to give a dog fish
The most useful fish in raw form. However, as mentioned earlier, some varieties contain harmful to the body trimethylaminuria and thiaminase. So be careful not to harm your pet.
If the dog is small, then it is better not to cut the fish into pieces, but to scroll through a meat grinder and give it in the form of minced meat. The head, bones, viscera, scales, gills, fins, it is desirable to remove.
Never give your pet canned food. They are excessively salty, greasy, and contain preservatives and additives.
Fish sticks are a completely unnecessary product in the dog’s diet. They have nothing to do with fish, but they contain starch, dyes, soy and other harmful substances.
Many owners are afraid to give the dog lake and river fish because of helminths. Yes, it can indeed contain parasites, but this does not mean that it can not be included in the diet. Of course, heat treatment is necessary. If the product is well frozen, it can also be used for food. You can not salt, use spices and seasonings.
The optimal cooking time is 20 minutes. During this time, trimethylamine and thiaminase become inactive. However, if the time is exceeded, then all the useful substances will be lost.
There are dogs that are completely indifferent to fish. You don’t need to force-feed them. It is better to mix fish meal or fat in the food.
Do I need seafood in my diet
The question of whether it is possible to feed a dog with seafood will seem ridiculous to many dog breeders. This is an expensive pleasure that not everyone can afford, except for those people who live on the coast and enjoy the gifts of the sea at any time. But even in this case, do not abuse the delicacies. It is better to give preference to sea fish.
In addition, not all dogs are enthusiastic about seafood, although some dogs, for example, are happy to eat oysters. There are no restrictions on the use of seafood, with rare exceptions, but they should only be given in boiled form. If a dog eats raw shrimp, squid or oysters, it will inevitably have an upset stomach, which will manifest itself in diarrhea.
Lobsters (lobsters) are banned due to their high content of sodium and cholesterol. The use of such products is fraught with kidney problems, poisoning, and allergic reactions.
It is not recommended to feed sea food to puppies up to a certain age.