Often on the paws of the animal, you can notice oval spots of gray or light brown color with thickened skin. Wool is absent in these places, and the skin may peel off. Similar symptoms are present in demodecosis and pyoderma, trichophytosis, vasculitis. In fact, the appearance of such spots does not always indicate skin diseases, since they can be ordinary calluses that appear, for example, as a result of constant friction on a hard surface.
Causes of corns
A callus is a restricted area of the skin that appears above the bone compression zone. Compaction of the skin (hyperkeratosis) of the damaged area develops as a result of constant friction in the same place. In this case, the skin becomes dead and the upper layers of the epidermis are layered on it. Appearance – dense dry growth, with rounded edges, often oval in shape.
The most common places where calluses appear in an animal:
- hock joints;
- the calluses on the fingertips.
On the elbow folds of the paws and in the area of the joints, growths appear due to the habit of dogs lying on a hard surface-wooden or concrete decking and floors, stone paths and porches. They become additional protection for the elbow tendons. In winter, they appear very rarely, as in the cold season, Pets often prefer to sleep warm and soft bedding. In dogs of small stature, calluses appear from rubbing the chest on the stairs (common in dachshunds and Bassets). If the animal is overweight and has a long daily walk, they form on the pads of the paws.
Breeds at risk of corns
All breeds are prone to corns. Most often they appear in males, whose skin is less elastic than in bitches. Dogs with short hair and no undercoat, large breeds and/or overweight are at risk. Calluses occur in the absence of vitamins A, C, E, trace elements, collagen and a monotonous food system in the animal’s diet.
Shepherd breeds predisposed to corns:
- Central Asian;
- Eastern European.
The list is supplemented by Labradors, who, despite their playful nature, like to eat, are often overweight. This breed has a genetic predisposition to joint diseases and the appearance of calluses.
Danger of calluses for the animal
Many owners do not consult a doctor when corns are detected, considering them a problem only from a cosmetic point of view. But calluses must be treated. When walking, they can cause pain and discomfort to the animal. On the elbow joints, the dog often licks the wounds and there is a risk of getting into it pathogenic bacteria and organisms, which will lead to inflammation and the development of callous dermatitis. In addition to rough gray skin, if left untreated, ulcers appear, accompanied by itching and pain.
Treatment of calluses
Sometimes calluses are confused with symptoms of a serious illness, so initially, if you find a seal, contact your veterinarian. After a visual examination, the doctor will prescribe a cytological or biopsy study, if there is discharge from the wound (exudate) – an analysis of its composition.
After diagnosis, the recovery plan includes the following steps:
- Treat with antiseptic drugs to prevent infection (Chlorhexidine, Miramistin, Octenisept, hydrogen peroxide).
- In the early appearance of blisters applied to the skin dermatoprotectornoe ointments Radevic or Videotim. A good therapeutic effect was shown by the procedure of rubbing vegetable oil (olive, peach, linseed or sunflower) into the skin at least 2-3 times a day. To preserve furniture, carpets and floor coverings, the treated area must be covered with a bandage.
- In the absence of allocations in the form of lymph, pus, or clear mucus apply a nourishing healing wounds Bepanten, Depanthenol, baby cream brand “Bübchen”.
- To treat dry corn with traditional methods.
- In the presence of secretions, open wounds or sores, use antibacterial anti – inflammatory drugs-Dimexid, Levomekol, Malavit. In severe cases of the disease and infection – Clotrimazole or Triderm. Use only as directed by a doctor.
In parallel with local treatment, a course of injections or tablets is sometimes prescribed, including to increase immunity. If there are ingrown hairs in the corn, the doctor removes them in the hospital, in order to avoid recurrent infection. Surgical intervention, as a rule, does not occur, as it is complicated by the divergence of the wound edges. If the corn is uninfected, it does not affect the quality of life of the dog.
Recipes of traditional medicine
You do not always need to buy expensive medicines, you can try one of the following recipes of traditional medicine:
- Mix the aloe juice, fish oil and vitamin E.
- Make a puree of raw potatoes with onions.
- Grate raw potatoes and add honey.
Mix all ingredients in equal proportions and apply to damaged skin throughout the day. It is useful to apply hot propolis to calluses in your hands. Coconut oil, which is currently popular in cosmetology, can also be rubbed for 2-3 minutes to soften calluses and speed up the healing process.
The inspection of the animal
Make it a rule to examine the animal once a week, paying attention to the elbows and joints. If there were seals on them, set the speed and size of their appearance. If the skin has blood discharge or puffiness, swelling – measure the temperature of the focus of inflammation. Tactile determine whether the formation is soft or hard.
The corn usually develops over a long period, and if the thickening appears in 3-5 days, immediately consult a doctor to exclude the development of dangerous diseases. If there is any discharge on the damaged area of the skin, contact a veterinary clinic, even if the animal does not show signs of anxiety. For prevention purposes, visit the clinic at least 2 times a year for a routine check-up to stop the process of corns appearing if it is detected.
Proper dog nutrition and care
Be sure to review the animal’s diet. In the absence of vitamins for the skin and coat, medical treatment is not enough, and the problem will appear constantly. Be sure to include red fish, cottage cheese with 2.5% fat content, raw egg yolks, beef liver, vegetables and fruits in the diet.
Add 1/2 tablespoon of any vegetable oil to all servings. Eliminate the causes of friction and build-up.
If the dog sleeps on a hard surface, put it on a soft pillow at night or equip a sleeping area (“bed”), if overweight – put on a diet and increase physical activity. It is difficult to develop a weight loss course on your own. Consult your veterinarian first. Before the animal reaches the recommended weight, increase the load gradually.
Constantly lubricate areas of increased friction with a moisturizer to increase elasticity and wear protective bandages “knee pads” for a walk. A related disease is corneal dermatitis and the principles of its treatment are identical.
Keep in mind that the animal requires constant monitoring, as detecting the disease at an early stage will help significantly reduce the duration of treatment. Exercise with the animal, increase its mobility and balance the diet to avoid the appearance of calluses at any time of the year.