Animals are afraid of fire and avoid contact with it. But this does not mean that your favorite Pets are insured against burns. Unfortunately, such injuries are not uncommon. Cat owners need to know what the risks of burns are, how to help the animal in such situations.
Types and degrees of burns
The reasons for getting burns can be different. Careless behavior of the owners, active curiosity of the cat can lead to injury. Your pet may get the following burns:
Thermal burns are the most common option. You can accidentally pour a hot drink or food on a cat that accidentally turns up under your feet. She may show excessive curiosity, “touch” the iron, tile, jump on a hot surface, etc.
Chemical burns are the result of contact with liquids containing acid or alkali. The likelihood of such an injury occurs if the rules for storing these dangerous drugs are not followed.
Sunburn can be caused by prolonged exposure to direct sunlight. They are mainly affected by hairless breeds. These Pets need protection from intense UV exposure.
All burns on the scale and depth of damage to the skin are classified into 3 degrees:
- Grade I is characterized by minor damage to the upper layers of the skin, redness, small swellings are observed;
- Grade II affects the middle layers of the dermis, causes blisters, and they will gradually break through;
- Grade III is the most severe, causing complete damage to the structure of the integument, accompanied by tissue necrosis.
Help with getting thermal burns
Thermal burns of the first degree, obtained by accidental contact of hot liquids on the skin, contact with hot objects, are accompanied by pain, redness of the skin, the appearance of small tumors. The help of a professional veterinarian in such cases is not required, the skin will fully recover in a few days. But the pet needs to provide proper care, eliminate infection, and speed up healing.
It is important to remember that the burned surface can not be covered with plasters, napkins, bandages. First, the injured area should be cooled with water for five minutes. Then it should be disinfected with a weak solution of potassium permanganate. Every day, until the wound heals, it must be treated three times. Can be used for this:
- spray Terezin;
- aerosol Panthenol or Alisal.
- Traumel gel
If you get greasy, thick hot food, Pets often have burns of the second degree. In this case, the hair in the damaged area falls out, the skin becomes brown, blisters appear. In this case, you first need to remove food residues from the animal and cool the skin well. You can hold your pet under running cold water or attach a bag in which to put ice.
Such burns cause severe pain, it is necessary to give the cat an injection of an anesthetic drug. The burned dermis should be treated with an intensive solution of potassium permanganate or alcohol tincture of propolis. After distributing the gel, spray or aerosol, a sterile cloth or bandage is applied. The dressing should be changed daily.
A third-degree burn is a danger to the animal’s life. There is a high risk of developing sepsis. This injury is evidenced by blackened skin, fallen hair. First aid, including cooling, decontamination, application of special drugs, must be provided. But after that, you should immediately contact the veterinary clinic.
Help with chemical burns
Substances containing alkali or acid destroy the structure of the skin. The weakening of the protective cover opens up access to pathogenic microbes and bacteria. The peculiarity of chemical burns is the duration of exposure. Even after removing the substance from the upper layers of the dermis, it remains in the middle, deep tissues, high-quality neutralization is required to avoid further destruction, poisoning of the body.
First of all, in case of a chemical burn, it is necessary to ensure thorough washing of the damaged area. The procedure should be carried out with gloves to avoid damage to the skin of the hands. The neutralizing agent is selected taking into account the specifics of the substance that caused the burn. These may include:
If an animal gets a substance containing an alkali, acids are used in neutralization. This may be a solution of vinegar or citric acid. A napkin is wetted in it and applied to the damaged area. As it dries, it needs to be moistened. For burns with acidic compounds, the principle of operation is the same, only a solution of baking soda is used in neutralization. If quicklime gets on the skin, the affected area is liberally smeared with sea buckthorn, castor, sunflower oil.
Help with sunburn
Prolonged exposure to direct sunlight can cause a lot of harm to Pets of hairless breeds, as well as white cats with short hair. The consequences of sunburn are:
- sore tips of the ears,
- bald areas,
- small sores.
In most cases, the help of a qualified veterinarian is not required in such cases. You can eliminate the effects of active exposure to ultraviolet rays within a few days. To do this, Safroderm or EPLAN is applied to the affected areas.
It is not necessary to endanger his beloved hairless pet. It must be protected from direct sunlight.
Specifics of eye burns
Eye burns are particularly dangerous. They can occur when hot drops, chemicals, or accidental use of a toxic agent instead of medicine get on the mucous membrane. Help the animal should be provided immediately.
First, the mucosa is thoroughly washed under a stream of cold water with a small pressure. The cat will most likely try to close its eyes. You need to push the eyelids with your fingers, trying not to cause pain to the pet. In the treatment of burned eyes, you can not use any improvised means. The cat must be taken to a veterinary clinic.
What should not be done for burns?
Pet owners need to know about the most common mistakes to avoid them during first aid. You can’t:
- lubricate the burned areas with oil, fatty dairy products (such products do not allow air to pass through, the temperature rises at the burn site, and negative processes accelerate);
- apply ice directly to the skin, without a bag;
- to pierce or cut into the blisters;
- make injections of Diphenhydramine, Analgin.
Cooling and treatment of affected areas should be carried out immediately. In treatment, it is necessary to use drugs intended for animals. In case of severe burns, you should pay a visit to the veterinary clinic as soon as possible.