Blood pressure is expressed as a numerical value of the state of the dog’s circulatory system. Having information about BLOOD pressure indicators, the veterinarian can judge the state of all systems in the body, in particular, the cardiovascular system.
What is blood pressure?
Blood pressure is the rate at which blood exerts pressure on the walls of blood vessels during periods of systole (heart contraction) and diastole (relaxed state of the heart). BLOOD pressure is measured in millimeters of mercury, with the first indicator indicating systolic pressure, the second — diastolic. These values are considered as a ratio, which is expressed as a fraction (X/X).
In dogs, the optimal blood pressure is considered to be from 110 to 145 and from 60 to 95 mm Hg. The calculation of the fluctuations depends on the size of the animal. The larger the dog, the higher the BLOOD pressure. However, there are decorative dog breeds that have normal values of 130-135/75-85.
Attention! If the systolic pressure is close to 200, medication correction is required, and if it is higher than 280, emergency care is required.
How to measure HELL in a dog
There are two ways — invasive and non-invasive.
In the first method, an arterial catheter is inserted into a large blood vessel, which is attached to the measuring base. This method is considered the most accurate, but is only used when the dog is under anesthesia after surgery.
The second method includes ultrasound with the Doppler effect and oscillometric methods. The first one is rarely used, due to inaccurate results of diastole status indicators. In everyday life, an oscillometric method is usually used, that is, tonometry, using a special device — a tonometer.
Measuring devices AD are mechanical and automatic, depending on the possibilities of pumping air into the cuff — a pear or a compressor. It is put on the paw in the area of the forearm, hock, at the base of the tail and measure. A special dial allows you to record pressure indicators. A rare dog will sit still during the measurement, so there may be errors.
It is advisable to train him to this procedure. As a rule, five times is enough for the dog to realize that this manipulation is painless for it, and stop worrying.
High blood pressure is indicated by the following signs:
- redness, hemorrhage, pendulum rotation of the eyes;
- fainting spells;
- shortness of breath;
- violations of water and food consumption.
The behavior of a pet also changes. He becomes sluggish, apathetic, begins to make Manege (in a circle) movements.
Why you need to monitor HELL in dogs
Veterinarians are convinced: control over indicators Blood pressure is a NECESSARY measure, otherwise problems associated with the functioning of organs and systems can not be avoided. Lowering blood pressure in dogs is a rare manifestation, and its increase puts the organ of vision at risk (the development of glaucoma). There are failures in the cardiovascular system and brain (stroke, heart attack), kidneys.
If the dog has been diagnosed with hypertension, the veterinarian conducts a comprehensive examination using additional methods.