The Bengal cat is one of the most beautiful and loyal breeds.
She looks more like a wild leopard than a familiar domestic cat. Mini version of the predator. Excellent unusual coloring, graceful and confident gait.
History of the breed
In the sixties of the last century, the progenitor of the breed was brought to America. He was originally from Malaysia. The kitten was from an Asian leopard cat, just as wild.
However, Jane mill managed to find a common language with him and tame.
After some time, the wild Asian leopard felt like a real owner in the house, and he liked the black owner’s cat. As a result of their “relationship”, wonderful Bengal kittens were born.
Due to the non-aggressive nature of wild ancestors, the home “mini-version” of the leopard has a soft character, does not conflict with other Pets and children.
Breeders had a hard time, because the Bengal cat becomes able to fertilize a female only in the fourth generation. That is, only a great-grandson can give offspring.
And so breeders had to cross the Bengal cat with males of various breeds until the perfect kittens were obtained.
The coat is short, smooth, and shiny. But the color may vary. Standard is considered and spotted, like a leopard, and marble, and just brown.
But one of the most beautiful cats with markings like a snow leopard.
Sometimes cute long-haired kittens appeared in the litter, which were then separated into a separate group – silk Bengals (Kashmiris).
Girls have a body weight of about 4 kilos, but boys can gain seven. The musculature is perfectly developed, the movements are clear, but at the same time cat-like smooth.
The breed has been improving for a long time. The goal of breeders was to get non-aggressive and bold offspring. All cowardly kittens were recognized as a marriage. So the line turned out more and more clean.
The Bengal cat is famous for its grace, calmness, love of communication, tenderness and devotion. However, “wild blood” makes itself felt. The animal is very agile, quick, smart. Cats love active games.
Their favorite activity is running, because the “blood of the predator” still flows through their blood vessels. So do not be surprised if your pet will conquer cabinets, sofas or shelves.
The Bengal cat is very smart, it is able to remember what its owner does, and then reproduce it.
Opening doors or Windows, turning on or off lights, flushing in the toilet – all these are easy tasks for representatives of this breed. They love water, enjoy swimming or keep their owner company.
Although the cat is domestic, but it still has the instinct responsible for protecting its “leader”. Having become a real leader for the cat, you can not worry about your “safety”.
The Bengal cat will protect you at the cost of its life. The cat’s predatory instinct will not allow a single mouse in the house to even run past. But a pet that costs more than one thousand dollars is somehow stupid to use for such purposes.
You can watch the domesticated leopard for hours, participate in exhibitions, but do not use it as a mouse or rat trap.
Take care of your fingers, otherwise the cat may bite you during the game. Yes, and do not hold it in your hands for a long time, the Bengali does not like it. Although loneliness is not for a representative of this breed. Just in moderation.
Features of maintenance and care
Nothing supernatural is required. However, there are some nuances that will help your pet feel happy and satisfied with life.
First of all, make sure that you have enough free space for active cat games. Otherwise, the animal will be uncomfortable, sad, and even ill. Now on account of the tray. If it is in the wrong place, the filler is not suitable (pressed wood is better, because Bengal cats love to dig in the sand/sawdust).
Therefore, choose a tray in advance so that its sides do not allow the filler to fly out of it.
Don’t forget to keep it clean. If the tray smells, there is excrement or another cat has gone. But you should not wash it out with chemicals. Otherwise, your Bengal cat will not smell its own smell and will perceive this tray as a toilet.
The hair is easy to care for. Its healthy Shine depends on a balanced and high-quality diet. There is no need for combing, but the pet is unlikely to refuse stroking the back with a soft brush. And do not worry about bathing, the animal will gladly jump into the bath to you.
Be sure to purchase a scratching post. Since childhood, teach your baby to it, otherwise your pet will spoil the furniture, Wallpaper.
By the way, even after cutting the claws, a Bengali will not refuse to sharpen them. Be on the lookout.
Predisposition to diseases
In fact, a Bengal cat rarely gets sick. However, despite the hard labor of breeders who tried to exclude various genetic deviations, carefully selecting males and females, some diseases were not completely “eradicated”.
Therefore, it is necessary to carefully select a couple for your pet to reduce the risk of serious diseases to a minimum.
This disease tops the list of the most frequently reported genetic diseases characteristic of Bengal cats. Unfortunately, it is extremely difficult, almost impossible, to independently determine this disease in your pet. Often the first symptom is a sudden death, but if you visit the veterinarian in time, he will suspect that your Bengal cat is sick after auscultation, having heard noises in the heart.
Unfortunately, Bengal cats are predisposed to intestinal inflammation. Symptoms may be soreness with light pressure on the stomach (but do not push with all the strength of the pet), appetite is lost, body temperature often rises, and the Bengal cat becomes sluggish. Be sure to visit a veterinarian as soon as you notice that your pet beauty has become worried, loses her appetite or has a high body temperature. After all, intestinal inflammation can be not only an “independent” disease, but also the main clinical sign of an incipient infectious disease.
Feline leukemia is also frequently reported among Bengal cats. This is the same blood cancer as in humans. And the predisposition to it is inherited. It is extremely important to know about the health status of not only the kitten’s parents, but also its grandparents, in order to eliminate the risk of disease.
It is very important to monitor what your pet eats. Because the gastrointestinal tract of these beauties is very weak. Poor-quality food can lead to serious poisoning. Therefore, be sure to monitor what is in your pet’s bowl, change the water, and wash the dishes (without using household chemicals).
Flat chest syndrome. It is believed that this pathology develops as a result of a violation at the gene level of metabolism. As a result, the kittens ‘ chest looks flat, and the ribs seem to be bent inwards. Unfortunately, kittens with this pathology rarely survive, because the heart and lungs in the chest become cramped.
“Dry nose syndrome”. Most often, young (up to a year) kittens suffer from this. The symptoms are simple: the skin on the nose dries, cracks, and then ulcers may appear. Careful care of your pet will help you avoid this problem.
Allergy to medications. Many representatives of this breed have an intolerance to drugs for anesthesia. You should be extremely careful, in any case do not resort to self-medication. Otherwise, you will not be able to save your handsome man at home if he starts anaphylactic shock, which will lead to suffocation and cardiac arrest.