Alopecia in dogs is a pathological condition accompanied by partial or complete hair loss in the animal. Violation of the growth of the coat and baldness indicates, as a rule, internal or external problems of the dog’s body. Dog breeds such as the poodle, Staffordshire Terrier, Doberman, bulldog, Chow Chow and pygmy Pinscher are most at risk.
What can cause alopecia in dogs
Dog breeders sooner or later face the problem of hair loss in Pets. Baldness and baldness can occur due to the influence of various factors:
- seasonal molt,
- poor nutrition,
- hormonal imbalance,
- hereditary predisposition,
- infectious diseases,
- parasites and bacteria.
If seasonal molting and an unbalanced diet do not pose a particular danger to health and the pet’s fur grows over time and does not cause discomfort, then all other causes of alopecia x can lead to disastrous results, including death. That is why it is so important to monitor the health of your pet, offer a balanced diet and properly care for the coat.
In case of excessive hair loss and baldness, you should immediately contact a veterinary clinic to determine the root cause, confirm the diagnosis of alopecia of a weakened color, and prescribe treatment.
When to seek veterinary care
As mentioned above, the development of alopecia depends on the root cause. So, for example, with seasonal molting and a lack of vitamins, the dog’s hair falls out gradually. At the same time, the animal looks absolutely healthy.
With hormonal disorders, the animal’s hair falls out profusely, itching and painful sensations may appear in the location. In advanced cases, the hair can easily be torn off, seborrhea develops. If the dog is “in position”, then it may also have a partial loss of hair. Animals experiencing severe stress are also very often faced with baldness.
In the case of a food Allergy in a dog, hair loss is accompanied by symptoms such as redness of the skin, inflammatory reactions, formation of ulcers and papules, and lacrimation. Quite often, a pet’s hair follicles become inflamed due to a bacterial infection. In this case, before the hair falls out, scabs, crusts and even pustules may form on the skin.
In parasitic diseases, hair loss is accompanied by such clinical manifestations as damage to the eyes and skin (crusts, ulcers), as well as the formation of papules near the ears, armpits, groin and mouth. With the alopecia pattern disease in domestic dogs, puppies are born with normal healthy hair, but with age they begin to quickly go bald.
In the case when the animal has a weakened immune system and its body is affected by pathogenic mites, fleas or other parasites, in addition to hair loss, there is a strong itching, peeling, roughness and redness of the skin.
Thus, if the dog’s hair falls out heavily and there is a strong itching, redness and any skin lesions, you should immediately seek veterinary help to determine the cause of baldness and prescribe a course of effective treatment.
How is alopecia treated in dogs?
Treatment of hair loss and baldness depends on the clinical picture of the cause of the formation and development of pathology in the animal. To determine the root cause, the veterinarian performs a visual examination of the patient and prescribes laboratory tests and diagnostic tests.
In particular, to make a diagnosis of alopecia x, a urine test, a clinical blood test, a skin biopsy, a thyroid examination, a scraping, and a test to determine the amount of adrenal hormones in the blood are performed. Diagnostic studies allow you to exclude signs of similar diseases: hypothyroidism and Cushing’s disease in dogs, treatment is prescribed by a doctor, based on an accurate diagnosis and the establishment of a catalyst for the disease.
Treatment of baldness caused by poor nutrition
If hair loss is caused by poor nutrition and lack of vitamins, it is recommended to add fish oil, fresh kidneys and liver, eggs, milk, seaweed, and fatty acids in the form of olive or linseed oil to the diet.
Medication solution: vitamins are prescribed to improve the condition of the coat. For example, retinol, microvit, or trivitamin.
How is genetic alopecia of weakened color treated?
Baldness due to a hereditary factor is treated with hormonal drugs. But it does not have a lasting effect. You will need constant maintenance therapy, proper and scrupulous care of the coat and skin.
Treatment of hair loss due to contact or food dermatitis
In this case, medication and local therapy is indicated. It is recommended to take antihistamines, antiseptic ointments, and limit the dog’s contact with allergens (specific foods, household chemicals, medications, etc.) In most cases, these measures can solve the problem. After undergoing treatment, the hair grows back quite quickly.
How to treat baldness caused by an infectious disease
Most Pets suffer from alopecia due to infection (bacterial, fungal or viral). There is a fairly extensive list of infectious diseases that are treated according to individual schemes.
The course of treatment directly depends on what infection affected the dog’s body, what stage and duration of the disease. At an early stage of diagnosis, antibacterial drugs and ointments are usually prescribed. In advanced cases, urgent hospitalization will be required.
Nest alopecia caused by parasites (worms, ticks, fleas, etc.)
A dog affected by helminths and various arthropods is quite difficult to cure at home. Therefore, at the first signs of a parasitic disease, you should immediately contact a veterinarian.
The course of treatment consists, as a rule, of complex drugs that allow you to get rid of pathogens as quickly as possible. In the event of a high temperature and an inflammatory process in the dog’s body, antibiotics are prescribed. To prevent combing, antiseptic ointments may be prescribed.
It is important for dog owners to remember that the diagnosis of alopecia x can only be made by a qualified veterinarian.
Only a professional veterinarian can correctly determine the catalyst for the pathology of the pet’s fur and skin, determine the method of treatment and prescribe a course of therapy. Any attempts to self-medicate can turn into a big disaster for the pet and its entire family.
If the dog has alopecia, immediately contact a veterinary clinic, where you will receive professional assistance from veterinarians-specialists!
Hi, my name is Mike Fletcher. I am 36 years old and a veterinarian at a veterinary clinic in Granby Colorado. And this is my blog about Pets. I hope I can answer your questions here.