What only cat breeds do not exist. And they differ from each other not only in appearance, but also in character. Even if we consider kittens from the same litter, each will have its own temperament. Although there are breeds that are similar in appearance, and the character is very soft (Scottish, British cat, for example).
In fact, the scottishes are related to the British. And if you look closely at them, you can see common features in the exterior, although there are many differences. But the beauties of both breeds have a great friendly character, which makes them ideal Pets.
What does a Scottish Shorthair look like
The cat itself attracts the affectionate glances of others. It is unlikely that there will be those who will remain indifferent, looking into these beautiful huge round eyes.
But, despite the fact that the breed is one, kittens are very diverse: with erect ears (straight) and hanging (fold), short-haired or long-haired, and from the abundance of colors and completely dizzy.
The whole body has soft smooth features, there are no sharp transitions from one part of the body to another. The head is rounded, the neck is very short, the feeling that the head gently “passes” into the trunk. The width of the body should normally be the same (from the shoulders to the croup). If it is different, then the pet is either obese or emaciated.
The face is cute: round, with plump cheeks, no humps on the nose. The eyes are huge, round, and their color must be in harmony with the color of the skin. Their look is somewhat similar to the cat from the cartoon “Shrek”. Very nice.
But the ears can be different. Even immediately after birth, you will not determine whether you will have a Scottish fold cat or a Scottish straight. This will take about 5 weeks. Then the ears will either rise or begin to fall, closing the entrance to the auricle. It is believed that the lower the ears fall, the more they cover the shell, the better. Although some International organizations do not want to recognize the breed-the Scottish fold cat, but straight-eared cats are registered without problems.
However, there are many European Organizations that do not care what kind of Scottish ears, as long as they meet the breed standard. The Scottish lop-eared cat can have various degrees of “lop-eared”: single, double and even triple. And it depends on genetics. The fact is that the edges of the ear are bent so because of excessive weakness of the cartilage, it simply can not keep the ear in a straight state.
The coat is very dense, thick, with an undercoat. The Scottish Shorthair cat resembles something like a plush toy, this pet looks so incredibly cute. There are a lot of colors of wool: purple, white, tiger, marble, Golden, spotted, black, blue, red – you can list them for a long time.
Character of the Scottish cat
It makes no difference whether you have a Scottish fold or a straight-eared, short-haired or long-haired cat. Her disposition is soft, kind, and friendly. The pet is affectionate, gentle, easy to make friends with children or animals that live with you in the house.
The Scottish straight-eared cat, however, like the lop-eared cat, is very curious. She lays down and watches everything that happens. And thanks to its huge eyes, it is somewhat similar to an owl. The pet is extremely calm, but sometimes it is not averse to running, stomping (after all, a Scottish adult cat can weigh almost 6 kilos).
Care for a Scottish cat
First, let’s talk about what kind of care the Scottish straight-eared cat requires. Nothing much is needed. At least a couple of times a week, spend on the coat with a special comb (with steel teeth), which is suitable for tidying up the thick undercoat.
Thanks to its calm disposition, the Scottish good-natured cat will enjoy basking while you scratch it. You need to feed correctly. No matter what breed the animal has, in any case, the diet should be balanced. Therefore, the composition of the diet can not be approached “from Baldy”.
Decide at once how and what you will feed. Either dry industrial feed or natural food. Neither alternate nor mix is recommended, otherwise the metabolism will deteriorate. And this will be followed by urolithiasis, diabetes, obesity and other diseases. By the way, those who have a Scottish fold cat at home should be very careful! It should not be overfed with dairy products or given a lot of mineral supplements with calcium. Otherwise, the ears may rise, and you will be met one morning in the kitchen by a hungry Scottish straight-eared cat. Here is so sharply from-for feeding will change feature of your pet.
But you can not completely exclude calcium and phosphorus for fear that the ears will stick out. Without these elements, young kittens will develop rickets, and adult cats ‘bones will become “soft” and very fragile. Such diseases are referred to as osteomalacia, osteoporosis. A Scottish cat giving birth may die due to a lack of calcium (postpartum eclampsia, which is characterized by convulsions).
Since some kittens have ears hanging down, they need to be raised periodically, as if to “ventilate” the ear canal. If necessary, it should be carefully cleaned, but so as not to damage the eardrum and not push dirt inside the ear. If you do not arrange “periodic airing”, then otitis media can develop, since conditions inside the ear become ideal for the reproduction of bacteria: warm, humid (like a greenhouse effect).
In any case it is impossible to overfeed. If you have a British or Scottish breed, the cat is prone to being overweight. There are so-called “heavy” breeds that quickly gain weight, if the diet is poorly balanced and it has a lot of carbohydrates and fats, then your pet will quickly turn into a plush ball, which only eyes and tips of paws will be visible.
Predisposition to diseases
In the first place is obesity. It will be followed by a metabolic disorder, and then other diseases will “catch on”. Watch what you feed the animal. Provide him with walks, more movement.
Often, abnormalities in the development of the spine are registered (even at the moment when the babies are in the mother’s tummy). Most often this happens in lop-eared mothers. Therefore, it is not possible for both parents to be folds (lop-eared). Otherwise, the probability that kittens will be born with abnormalities of the hind limbs and spine is extremely high.
If the mating is irresponsible, then the litter will have babies with curved tails at the very base. As soon as such a cat grows up, it will begin to register compression of the spinal cord, since the disks are located incorrectly due to pathology. The kitten can not be helped, and it will have to be put down, because it is experiencing wild pain. Less often, such problems remain only an external deformity, do not cause the animal any discomfort.
Lop-eared people sometimes have otitis media. Scottish fold may develop diseases related to joints and bones – osteochondrodystrophy. This is a genetic disease, so the ears hang. But this softness can be not only in the ear, but also in other joints and even bones.
If the kitten’s tail is too thick and short, and the joints are not mobile, then most likely it has this genetic disease.