Either a dog or a wolf… The history of the Alaskan Malamute breed, the oldest human companion, has been overgrown with many legends and has undergone many twists and turns.
From the domestication of the wild dog, centuries of isolated existence next to the inhabitants of the North, and the consolidation of the type… Until the interminable interbreeding with various breeds and lines of sled dogs and the almost complete disappearance of the purity of the breed…
But, despite numerous zigzags of fate, in ten years we will celebrate the centenary revival of the Alaskan Malamute breed. The most loyal, loyal, and reliable of our friends and associates.
Disadvantages – continuation of the advantages of Malamute
This breed of dog has always been in demand. When transporting large loads over long distances in extreme conditions caused not only by the harsh climate of the North. In unusual, difficult situations, when it was simply impossible to use a normal mode of transport.
Therefore, the requirements are traditionally high not only for the indicators of physical endurance, General fitness of these unique dogs. Their physique in General, and each Department in particular, must be adapted to such powerful loads.
Time has developed the only correct version of exterior characteristics. The slightest serious deviation sharply reduces the working qualities of sled dogs. Makes them unable to perform their original “household duties”.
But it helps that this breed has traditionally steadfastly transmitted from century to century only its inherent type. That would be with her no matter what happens and with whom they crossed. Both natural selection and strict compliance with breed standards by breeders have a positive effect.
Indeed, this is the main method that allows the Malamute for centuries to maintain, including strong Siberian health. After all, all the main external characteristics that together create this uniqueness of the breed are fixed by a powerful heredity.
Genetic problems of the Alaskan Malamute
Not only a peaceful, sensitive attitude to a person is recorded for centuries in the genes of the Malamute. There are a considerable number of hereditary diseases peculiar to this breed.
Most of them appear at an early age. But different stages of the 10-11-year life of the Alaskan Malamute are also characterized by the manifestation of certain genetic abnormalities, namely:
A period of several months to 1-2 years.
- At this time, hip dysplasia is formed, which is common for all large dog breeds. Chondrodysplasia due to shortening of the tubular bones leads to the birth of dwarf puppies.
- Zinc-dependent dermatosis affects her skin. Generalized demodecosis is an indicator of systemic disorders in the body.
- Deficiency of factors VII and IX (hemophilia B) causes bleeding even in newborn puppies.
- Visual system disorders occur: cataracts, corneal dystrophy, and daytime blindness.
- Idiopathic polyneuropathy is a disease of the nervous system that is characteristic of the Alaskan Malamute breed;
Average age up to 6-7 years.
- There is a breed predisposition to a disease that leads to baldness of animals – alopecia X. The same sad result is observed in follicular dysplasia.
- Idiopathic epilepsy, characteristic of this breed, is systemically associated with serious abnormalities in the work of many organs.
- Depression of the visual system manifests itself in the form of glaucoma;
Period up to 11 years.
- At this age, dogs develop malignant tumors of various glands, including sweat and sebaceous. This is one of the main causes of their death.
Current tips and recommendations
Hemophilia is much more common in males, so strict withdrawal from breeding is the main way to combat this serious disease. Bitches are mainly a channel of its distribution, which is most effective to stop by the method of family analysis and also a high level of rejection.
But in the case of factor VII deficiency, everything is much simpler, although the symptoms of this disease are very similar: the dominant gene is responsible for it. It works openly, and the results of what is called “obvious”: its carriers are only sick dogs.
Healthy animals are absolutely free from this negative hereditary factor. It is not difficult to get rid of it forever – do not leave offspring: it is hopeless to expect healthy puppies here.
As for other diseases, they are responsible for recessive genes, the movement of which from generation to generation is very difficult to monitor. A panacea can only be the most reliable information about the health of the future parents of the puppy and careful compliance with all the recommendations of the veterinarian.
At first glance, such complex diseases of the main organ systems of the Alaskan Malamute can become an obstacle to the successful upbringing of a healthy dog.
In fact, a hereditary predisposition to them does not manifest itself if the diet is properly balanced and physical activity is carefully selected. Love and care for your pet plus strong immunity and legendary endurance of this breed – the best guarantee against any troubles!